ISO TC 211 Geographic information/Geomatics Committee site

ISO/TC 211 Geolexica

Concept distance <geometry, metric spaces>”

Term ID

2046

source

ISO 19107:2019, (E), 3.27

eng

distance <geometry, metric spaces>

minimal length of a curve that joins the two points or geometries

Note to entry: The usual distance function for two points in a coordinate space assumes an underlying plane and is a Euclidean distance. If the underlying Reference Surface is not a plane, then distance is defined by this minimum length of all curves between the two points. These surfaces are prime examples of non-Euclidean geometry, where the parallel postulate in Euclid's Elements does not hold. In mathematical terms, distance is the "greatest lower bound" of the length of the curves. The word minimum is sometimes used, but there should be no expectation that an instance of that minimum actually occurs, only that any larger number will have a length in the set that is smaller.

ORIGIN: ISO/TC 211 Glossary of Terms - English (last updated: 2020-06-02)

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info

  • status: valid
  • classification: preferred
  • date accepted: 2019-12-02

Review

last review performed:
(2019-12-02)
status:
final
decision:
accepted
decision event:
Normal ISO processing
notes:
Publication of document ISO 19107:2019(E)